Oct. 20, 1993: Withdrawn as a result of the consent
decree agreed upon between California NOW and the California State
Originally, an amendment to the California Education Code (S. 262).
by Senator Gary Hart (D)
Requires California State University institutions
to achieve female/male intercollegiate athletics participation
ratio of female to male students on campus, beginning in
the 1998-99 academic year.
- Establishes a Gender Equity Committee (to be 50% women, including
at least 3 head coaches from both men's and women's sports) to
report annually to the legislature on the progress being made toward
comparable incentives and encouragement for female participation
- Trustees must report a description of efforts being made and
the extent to which compliance has been achieved. The first report
is due Nov. 30, 1995 (pertaining to the 1994-95 academic year).
Signed into Law (May 1993) - Enforcement Language added to the Florida
Equity Act (H. 899). Sponsored by Mary Ellen Hawkins (R)
- Florida's Office of Equal Educational Opportunity in the Department
of Education will coordinate a newly formed task force on gender
equity. The task
force must: define gender equity in athletics at all levels of
education and recommend to the Florida Commissioner of Education
rules for enforcement.
- Each institution must develop its own gender equity
plan and is then held accountable to that plan. The plan is
to include sport
availability of facilities, scholarship offerings, funds allocated
for administration, recruitment, comparable coaching, publication & promotion, & other
- State universities found not in compliance with Title IX and
the Florida Education Equity Act are ineligible for competitive
state grants and are subject
to the withholding of state funds.
House Bill: KRS156.070(2)(a), passed July 15, 1994.
(Note: response to lawsuit filed to change from slowpitch to fastpitch softball.)
1995 Legislation Signed into Law
S.269 Sports Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics Bill.
Authored by Geo-Karis, Feb. 2, 1995. Signed by Governor: July 19, 1995.
- Authorizes the issuance, at each public university, of undergraduate tuition
waivers to female student-athletes, up to 1% of total tuition revenue
- Estimated figures for fiscal 1996 (approximately $4.9 million):
H.1943. Authored by Forster, March 27, 1995, signed
by Governor on June 13, 1997. (Passed House 97-4 & Senate 33-0)
- Provides up to 50 tuition waivers per year for female student-athletes
at each state-supported college or university.
- Intended to increase opportunities for women while aiding football-playing
institutions in the move toward Title IX compliance.
- Bill will release an estimated $1 million for use by athletic departments
in other areas.
1996 Legislation Signed into Law
H.2042/S.2015, Authored by Kahn/Anderson, Jan. 5, 1996; Passed
House Jan. 18, Senate Feb. 5.
- Amend the Human Rights Act to permit the restriction of membership on an
athletics team (program or event) to participate of one sex whose overall
athletics opportunities have previously been limited.
- If two teams (programs or events) are provided in the same sport, one may
be restricted to members of the underrepresented sex.
- Members of either sex shall be permitted to try out for the other team
(program or event).
1997 State Legislation Signed Into Law
(H. 1683) Authored by Wagner, Feb. 13, 1997; Signed by Governor,
- Allows for state-supported four-year institutions of higher education to
use an additional $300,000 per fiscal year of unrestricted educational and
general funds to provide gender equity in intercollegiate athletics programs.
(H.1437/S.5464) Authored by Carlson & Kohl, Jan.
24, 1997. Signed by Governor, April 8.
H.1437: Feb. 14, 1997 passed as amended by the House Committee on Higher Education.
S.5464: Jan. 24, 1997 introduced. Passed as amended by the Senate Committee
on Higher Education on Feb. 11.
- Sets comprehensive goals/guidelines related to gender equity in athletics
to be met by institutions of higher education by specified dates. Amends
the responsibilities of the higher education coordinating board concerning
its role in reporting on institutional efforts to comply with the gender
equity provisions of the act.
1998 State Legislation Signed Into Law
S. 34 Authored by Hillyard: Jan. 19, 1998; Signed by Governor,
Creates a sales tax exemption on amounts paid for admission to athletic
at colleges and
universities subject to Title IX.
Pending State Legislation
Pending HCR 169.
Authored by Stegmaier: March 20, 1998; To House Committee on Education, March
Calls for the Hawaii High School Athletics Association to consider the
Title IX on high school athletic tournaments.
Pending SJR 176. Authored
by Ticer: Jan. 26, 1998; Passed Senate Feb. 13, 1998; To House, establishes
a subcommittee to:
- review Title IX requirements relating to female participation in intercollegiate
- determine extent of Title IX compliance in Virginia institutions of higher
- make recommendations to ensure Virginia colleges and universities comply
with federal laws and regulations prohibiting gender discrimination.
Pending HR 205.
Authored by Powell:1/29/99Establishes February 4, 1999, as "Girls and Women
in Sports Day." Provides for the recognition of outstanding high school
and college female
athletes before the Georgia House of Representatives.
Pending S826. Authored by Buen: Jan. 22, 1999
Provides for a gender equity law to ensure that no person,
on the basis of sex, shall be discriminated against in any interscholastic, club,
or intramural athletics offered by a public school. Establishes an advisory commission
on gender equity in sports to define equity in athletics for all public schools
and to recommend rules for appropriate enforcement. Imposes penalties on public
schools in violation of the law that includes
loss of general funds.
Pending S 1055.
Authored by Tisei: Jan. 6, 1999
Establishes gender equity guidelines for the use
of prime ice time at ice rinks. Applies to any organization that makes
an ice rink
to the public, including a state higher education institution. Provides
that an arena may not deny the request for prime ice time from a group of an
underrepresented gender, if the arena provides more prime time to groups of the
other gender. Increases ice time for underrepresented gender groups to
15 % in 1999-2000, 30 % in 2000-01, and 50% in 2001-02.
Pending S 31
Authored by Garcia: 1/19/99
Appropriates $300,000 to the board of regents
of New Mexico State University of the purpose of increasing women's sports activities
to comply with Title
Pending S 331 Authored by Robinson: 2/1/99.
Appropriates $820,000 for seven
New Mexico institutions for the purpose of increasing women's sports activities
in order to comply with
of Title IX.
Pending SCR 4.
Authored by Blessing: Jan. 26, 1999
Urges the Congress of the United States to amend
Title IX to ensure that no federally funded educational institution is financially
sanctioned if it retains men's athletic programs despite the conflict such
retention creates with certain federal guidelines established pursuant to Title
HCR 7. Authored by Jordan: Feb. 2, 1999
Urges the US Congress to amend Title IX to
ensure that no federally funded educational institution is financially sanctioned
if it retains
men's athletic programs despite the conflict such retention creates with certain
federal guidelines established pursuant to Title IX.
Pending H 1131.
Authored by Hinojosa.
Imposes a fee of $1 to be added to the admission charge
for any intercollegiate athletics event held on the campus of an institution
education within the Texas system. Requires the funds collected be used to
support women's athletics at institutions within the system. Provides for the
be distributed in proportion to the number of women competing in intercollegiate
athletics at each of those institutions. Prohibits an institution from reducing
the amount of other funds spent to support women's intercollegiate athletics
as a result of the institution's receipt of money under this act.
Pending SR 8616
Establishes Feb. 4,1999, as "Girls
and Women in Sports Day."
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