Improving America's Schools Act (H.R. 6)
Counterpart Bill: S. 1513, Improving America's Schools Act of 1993,
Sponsored by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.)
- Improving America's Schools Act of 1994;
- Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act
- Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act synopsis
- Bill Text of Senate Version
- Final published regulations from
Federal Register Nov. 29, 1995
- National Education Statistics Act of 1994;
- Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Act of 1994;
- Community School Partnership Act;
- Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
- Authorizes the award of grants to conduct activities at all educational
levels, including higher education, incident to achieving compliance
with Title IX.
Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act (S.1468)
Incorporated as an amendment to S. 1513; Public Law 103-382. Sponsored
by Senator Carol Mosley-Braun (D-Ill.) (Sept. 1993).
House version (HR 921) sponsored by Rep. Cardiss Collins (D-Ill.). The
following is a synopsis of that amendment. Requires coeducational
colleges & universities
that participate in Federal student aid programs & sponsor
intercollegiate athletics programs to prepare & make available
an annual report, including:
- For each varsity team:
- Number of participants, as of the team's first scheduled contest.
- Total operating expenses (lodging, meals, transportation, officials,
uniforms, & equipment) attributable to each team.
- Whether the head coach is male or female & is assigned to
the team on a full-time or part-time basis.
- Number of assistant coaches who are male and female, and whether
they are assigned on a full-time or part-time basis.
- On a team by team basis:
- Total amount of money spent on athletically related student aid
and the ratio awarded male athletes to female athletes.
- Total recruiting expenditures.
- Total revenues generated by all men's teams and all women's teams.
- Average annual institutional salaries of head and assistant coaches
of men's teams--across all sports--and the same for women's teams.
- Information is to be compiled on annual basis, to be disclosed
to students, potential students, and the public on request.
- Regulations should be in place by April 18, 1995, and the first
disclosure report is to be available no later than October 1, 1996.
Amendment to the 1996 Appropriations Bill for the
Department of Education, Health and Human Services, and Labor
Sponsored by Rep. Ernest J. Istook, Jr (R-Okla.)
House Labor/Health & Human Services/Education Appropriations Subcommittee
approved an amendment on July 24, 1995 (vote: 30-23) that would require the
OCR to issue new "objective criteria" by December 31, 1995, telling
institutions how to comply with Title IX, especially the 3-prong test. If the
OCR fails to do so, it will be barred from spending any money on the enforcement
of sports programs' compliance. Norma Cantu, Assistant Secretary of Education
for Civil Rights had already committed to a policy clarification by September.
H.R. 2127: Education Appropriations Bill
This legislation cuts more than $9 billion from health and education programs.
Rep. Istook's amendment (see above) was modified slightly by Rep. J. Dennis
Hastert, R-Illinois, and was accepted by voice vote. Hastert language calls
for OCR to provide "specific" criteria in updating policy guidance
as it pertains to prongs two and three. The Senate bill, as adopted by the
Appropriations Committee, does not contain any of the title IX language.
Other 1995 Legislative Activity
Title IX Hearings
Department of Education: Disclosure
Department of Education: Title IX
Higher Education Amendments of 1998 (H.R.6)
Sponsored by Representative McKean Jan. 7, 1997
H.R.6 was signed into law on Oct. 7, 1998, now known as
Public Law 105-244, or the Higher Education Amendments of 1998. Incorporated
into this law is the language of the original "Fair Play Act" of
S.933 & S.1882. The law directs all postsecondary institutions
with athletics programs to submit their Equity in Athletics Disclosure
Act report to the Secretary within 15 days of the date the report is
made available. The Secretary of Education is then required to compile
a report on gender equity in athletics by April 1, 2000, to the respective
Senate and House committees. The Department shall then make the data
available to the public within a reasonable period of time. Within
180 days of the enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998,
the Secretary shall notify all secondary schools regarding the availability
of information and how it can be accessed.
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