First Amendment and Freedom of
shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting
the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the
press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition
the government for a redress of grievances.
See also: Free
Speech | Free Press |
F.O.I | Banned
Books | Censorship
on the 1st Amendment - FindLaw
- Annotations from the
Congressional Research Service Library of Congress with links to cited Supreme
- A quarterly newsletter
from the Media Institute with news and commentary on advertising rights.
and Academic Freedom Project
- This is a subsection
of the Electronic Freedom Foundation (EFF)
Web site. Current academic freedom news, access to other resources and
- First Amendment Center
- Housed at Vanderbilt
University the "Center serves as a forum for dialogue, discussion and
debate on free expression and freedom of information issues. The Center was
created by The Freedom Forum, a nonpartisan, international foundation dedicated
to free press, free speech and free spirit for all people."
- "[D]esigned to provide
a basic primer on the laws affecting reportersÍ rights to gather and disseminate
news" by The Reporters Committee
for Freedom of the Press
- First Amendment Cyber-Tribune
- "The FACT Web site
is intended to be a resource for anyone wanting to learn about the First Amendment.
It provides information on all the liberties guaranteed by the amendment.
The Web site editor is Charles Levendosky. He is the editorial page
editor and a columnist for the Casper Star-Tribune, which hosts this site."See
Amendment Web Sites
- News and analysis. "The
Freedom Forum is a nonpartisan, international foundation dedicated to free
press, free speech and free spirit for all people. The foundation pursues
its priorities through conferences, educational activities, publishing, broadcasting,
online services, fellowships, partnerships, training, research and other programs."
See especially the First
of Expression Institute (South Africa)
- The Institute's work
involves monitoring (watchdog) and research functions, litigation,
educational activities and campaigns.
of Expression Links
- This list of links was
compiled by Sandra Bernstein on behalf of the Periodical Writers Association
of Canada and the Book and Periodical Council.
- A "bi-monthly magazine
for free speech, widens the debates on freedom of expression with some of
the world's best writers. Through interviews, reportage, banned literature
and polemic, Index shows how free speech affects the political issues of the
moment." A good links page with links to free speech and human rights
Freedom of Expression Exchange Clearinghouse (IFEX)
- "This service allows
you to access accurate and up-to-date information on freedom of expression
issues and abuses. This site is managed by Norweigian Forum for Freedom of
Expression (NFFE) and the Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE),
two member organizations of IFEX."
for First Amendment Studies
- An "educational
and research organization focusing on the First Amendment's provision for
separation between church and state. Our research in this area has led us
to carefully scrutinize the political agenda of the religious right.
your interest is reproductive rights, gay and lesbian rights, free speech,
public education, or religious liberty, you'll find all of these church-state
issues addressed on our home page."
Justice on Campus Project
- "Our online archive
includes reports on disciplinary charges, speech codes, and censorship on
college campuses around the country. The Project was one of 20 plaintiffs
in the ACLU's successful challenge of the Communications Decency Act."
Campus Free Speech Code (American
- In addition to general
remarks on the need for freedom of speech, this document lays out specific
guidelines for "the limits of appropriate dissent" and suggests
sanctions for violating those limits. The areas of dissent covered are: Picketing;
literature; Silent or symbolic protest; Noise; Force or Violence; The Audience's
Responsibility; and Questions and Answer Period in Open Meetings.
Freedom of the Press
of the Press, an annotated bibliography by Ralph McCoy
- This project, sponsored
by the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) and the American Association
of University Presses (AAUP) is a joint effort of Library Affairs, the University
Press, and Information Technology at Southern Illinois University.
now a resident of Blacksburg, Virginia, is Emeritus Dean of Library Affairs
and is known internationally for both his achievements in librarianship and
his First Amendment Freedoms scholarship. The private collection of First
Amendment materials McCoy acquired in the course of his research is now a
part of the First Amendment Freedoms research collection in the Library's
Special Collections area and is used by scholars world-wide.
Media's Ethical Role in Grand Jury Leaks
- A debate begun February
1998 * Jeff Greenfield, CNN * Jane Prettyman, TRNP * Gerald F. Uelman, Professor
of Law, Santa Clara University, CA * Hendrik Hertzberg, The New Yorker * Anthony
Lewis, New York Times * Steven Brill's Starr interview in "Pressgate"
* James Doyle, Nieman Fellow, former special assistant to independent prosecutors
Leon Jaworksi and Archibald Cox. The
Real News Page.
Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press
- A "nonprofit organization
dedicated to providing free legal help to reporters and news organizations.
Committee has also emerged as a major national -- and international -- resource
in free speech issues, disseminating information in a variety of forms, including
a quarterly legal review, a bi-weekly newsletter, a 24-hour hotline, and various
handbooks on media law issues." Resources include the full text of their
Freedom of Speech
Speech Lessons - Cyberspace Law for Non-Lawyers
- A distinguished faculty:
Lawrence Lessig, Professor of Law at Harvard Law School; David Post, Visiting
Associate Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center; and Eugene
Volokh teaches free speech law, copyright law, the law of government and religion,
and the law of firearms regulation at UCLA Law School. 26 short lessons. Cyberspace-Law
for Non-Lawyers is presented by the Cyberspace Law Institute, Social Science
Speech Movement Archives
- A site dedicated to the
movement of the early sixties, begun on the steps of Sproul Hall, UC Berkeley
of Speech in the United States
- Classic free speech
decisions, news about the latest controversies and newest books and links
to more resources. Thomas L. Tedford University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Franklyn S. Haiman Consulting Editor Northwestern University. Provides
an especially large and useful links page.
of Speech, Shielding Children, and Transcending Balancing
- Author: Eugene Volokh
Organization: UCLA Law School - "The government has a strong interest
in shielding children from unsuitable -- because sexually explicit or (perhaps)
profane -- speech. So says the Court, and so say even many who generally frown
on the regulation of sexually explicit material. At the same time, the Court
has held, much speech of this sort is constitutionally valuable. How can these
strong competing claims, the government interest and the constitutional right,
of Speech vs. Workplace Harassment Law -- A Growing Conflict
- "This site is largely
composed of excerpts from published law review articles, though modified for
readability, and updated to reflect new cases." --Prof. Eugene Volokh,
UCLA Law School
- Another page on this
(Jehovah's Witnesses) Articles on Limiting Freedom of Speech
- The Historical Development
of Freedom of Speech Freedom of Speech - Is It Being Abused? Freedom of Speech
in the Home - Is It a Ticking Time Bomb?
Things Regulate Speech
- Download this
Adobe Acrobat document by Larry Lessig, Harvard Law School September 1997.
A link to the Acrobat Reader is provided. Abstract: We come from
a tradition of free speech law that thinks primarily about how government
regulates speech. We are entering a time when the greatest threat to free
speech is no longer government. This essay sketches a more generl model for
thinking about speech regulation, and applies it to the problem of filtering
speech on the net. Some ranting against PICS, and the CDA also included.
Freedom of Information Act
Resources - SPJ
- "The Society of
Professional Journalists maintains this Web site as a tool to help journalists
and non-journalists in their quest for information from federal and local
governments. It contains valuable information and important links to sites
that will help in your FOI searches."
of Information Act
- Full Text of the Act
and its amendments
of Information Center at the Missouri School of Journalism
- The Freedom of Information Center
is a reference and research library in the University of Missouri School of
Journalism on the Campus of the University of Missouri-Columbia.
National Security Archive
- An" independent
non-governmental research institute and library located at The George Washington
University in Washington, D.C. The Archive collects and publishes declassified
documents acquired through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)."
Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press Freedom-of-Information Services
- An introduction
to the Federal FOI Act, FOI Guides and Publications, and fill-in-the-blanks
on Freedom of Information Issues
- This list is maintained
by Professor Barbara Croll Fought at The Newhouse School, Syracuse University.
Freedom of Information Laws
- A special page within
the FACT - First Amendment
Cyber-Tribune Web site.
the Freedom of Information Act:A Step-by-Step Guide
- An American Civil Liberties
- A special exhibit of
books that have been the objects of censorship or censorship attempts. The
books featured here, ranging from Ulysses to Little Red Riding Hood,
have been selected from the indexes of the On-line Books Page. See also: The
Most Frequently Banned Books in the 1990s
Censored or Controversial Books in the African American Community
- Compiled by Joseph D.
Atkinson,III CSUSM Library and Itibari M. Zulu, UCLA Center for African American
Books and Censorship: Information and Resources
- Loyola University Chicago
Libraries provides links to a variety of resources.
Books Month at the MIT Press Bookstore
- List of banned or challenged
books includes reasons for the challenge.
Frequently Challenged in the 1990s
of Liberties: Censorship of the Humanities
- An Interactive Humanities
Exhibition presented by The Texas Humanities Resource Center
corrections and comments for Journalism and Mass Communication Resources
August 20, 2003